Settimana Santa di Scano di Montiferro

Momento delle celebrazioni della Settimana Santa a Scano di Montiferro

The rites of the Holy Week open the Sunday before Easter with the blessing of the palms, whichwere previously prepared by the “filadores", i.e. men who are particularly skilled at weaving.At the end of the blessing, a solemn procession up to the parish church recalls Jesus Christ'sentering Jerusalem.On Holy Wednesday, the prioresse of the brotherhoods prepare “sa mesa de s'aranzu", the table ofthe oranges. The fruits - which shall then be distributed to the members of the brotherhood at theend of Easter mass - are set in a cross shape, laying on a bed of rosemary and periwinkles.
On Maundy Thursday there is the celebration of the mass in Coena Domini, which recalls theinstitution of the Holy Communion, during which there is the rite of the washing of feet”: the priestrepeats the gestures of Jesus, who washed the feet to his disciples, who are represented by the prioriand sottopriori of the three brotherhoods.The rite of s’Incravamentu is held in San Nicolò, behind closed doors, attended only by the priorand sub-prior of the Santa Croce brotherhood: they retrieve in great devotion the sacred imageof Jesus Christ from the sepulcher where kit is kept and take it into the presbytery of the oratory,where the cross - on which the sacred image shall be attached by strong nails - is already laying atthe foot of the altar.At the end of the ceremony, the doors of the oratory are opened and Jesus Christ is exposed to theworshipping of the brothers and of the whole crowd.
The morning of Good Friday is dedicated to “sas chilcas", which see the participation of all thebrotherhoods and worshippers. The Sardinian name “sas chilcas" (the searches) indicate thesymbolic wandering of the Virgin at the search of her suffering son.The sacred image of Our Lady of Sorrows is taken in procession; the Cross stations are setthroughout the streets of the village, stopping at the different oratories, and end in the oratory ofSan Nicolò, from which the crucified Jesus Christ is taken. The procession then leads to the parishchurch, where the cross is raised on one side of the presbytery.
The evening of Good Friday, with the paraliturgy of S’Iscravamentu, is solemn. The protagonists ofthe deposition are “sos discipulos": four characters dressed in the ancient costumes, who representthe disciples who deposited Jesus Christ from the cross and buried him.The disciples start their pathway from the oratory of San Nicolò, where the ancient costumes arekept; accompanied by the brotherhood, they move to the parish church, where the population hasalready gathered to listen to the preacher's sermon. At his gesturer, the disciples move close to thecross and deposit the dead Jesus Christ. The body of the Lord, after being shown to our lady ofSorrows and to the crowd, is laid onto "sa lettèrna", a stretcher decorated with flowers and candles.The procession which takes the dead Jesus Christ back to the oratory of San Nicolò, accompaniedby the choir of Miserere deploys at dusk, amongst the narrow tortuous streets of the old Scano.

On Easter Sunday, the solemn procession of s'Incontru concludes the intensive ceremonies of theHoly week representing the meeting and the greetings between the resurrected Jesus Christ and theMadonna.

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