Carnevale di Ollolai

Le maschere tradizionali di Ollolai

Ollolai Carnival is particularly suggestive because of the presence of numerous traditional masks:sos Bumbones. More specifically, sos Truccos - or sos Turcos - are wrapped in a cloth of whitelace, "inghirialettu", and - on their shoulders - they carry su mantella rubia, a shawl embroided inred, purple and blue which - by tradition - was used to wrap the newborn during his/her christening.Their head and visage are covered by a heavy lace on which a fringed cap - called "capiale'efronzas"- is fixed. These garments, where red and white - i.e. the typical colors of Sardiniancostumes - predominate, have a strongly symbolic character, since it represents the cycle of life: thedeath of nature in winter and its rebirth in spring.
Another characteristic mask of Ollalai's Carnival is sa Marizzola, a feminine figure dressed in adark red cloth skirt, "su bardellinu", a hand-embroider white blouse and a special bodice, "saspalas", which is left on sight on the blouse and decorated with golden and silver yarn. The head iscovered with a handkerchief embroided with flowers in relief, "su muccadore froreau", and a whitetulle veil or as an alternative - a papier-mâché mask is set on the visage.
Again from the past derives the use of the Truccos, gathered in groups called “sas troppas deharassehare", to wander from house to house visiting - amongst the other ones - also the houses ofthe old and sick people to share the cheerfulness of Carnival. In their wandering, Sos Truccos takealong the streets of the town su Ziomu, a dummy in straw and old clothes, whose visage is made bya cloth on which the eyes and mouth are drawn. Dressed in black coarse woolen fabric overcoat,the puppet hides inside it a bag of sausages and “sa gruppa", a barrel full of wine which shall beconsumed during the feast, characterized by songs and dances.

The tradition of su Ziomu, which has been partially recovered today, wants the moppet to be takento the suburbs of the village late in the night, put on trial and sentenced to the stake, thus markingthe end of the Carnival and the beginning of Lent.

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